How to develop a musical ear – for self-taught and not only!
Musical education, especially for adults, can be difficult if a person has insufficiently developed musical ear. That is why most music educators do not recommend ignoring solfeggio classes, the main task of which is to develop musical ear in all directions. What does the concept of “ear for music” really mean? First, you need to decide which hearing you need to develop. If you learn to play, you need a harmonious hearing, that is, the ability to hear harmony, fret – major or minor, the color of the sound. If you practice vocals, your goal is to develop a melodic ear that will help you easily memorize a melody consisting of separate intervals. True, these are local tasks, in life, musicians have to be specialists in a wide field of practice – to sing, to play several instruments, and to teach others (playing the instrument through singing and, conversely, singing through playing the instrument). Therefore, most methodologists who talk about how to develop musical hearing agree on the idea that melodic and harmonic hearing should develop simultaneously.
It also happens that a person hears and distinguishes intervals, even notices mistakes of other singers, and he himself cannot sing cleanly and correctly. This is because there is a hearing (in this case melodic), but there is no coordination between it and the voice. In this case, regular vocal exercises will help, helping to establish a connection between voice and hearing.
WHAT DOES THE PURITY OF SINGING DEPEND ON? It happens that a person seems to sing cleanly and on notes, and when he begins to sing into the microphone, from nowhere, mistakes and incorrect notes are taken. What is the matter? It turns out that singing simply on notes is not all. To sing cleanly, you need to consider some other parameters. Here they are: Vocal position (or vocal yawn, or singing yawn) is the position of the sky when singing. If it is not sufficiently raised, a feeling is created that a person sings uncleanly, or, more precisely, “understates”. In order to eliminate this defect, it is useful to yawn for several minutes before practicing vocal. If you find it difficult to do so, lift your tongue upright and push the sky up until you yawn.
Sound direction. Each person has his own unique timbre of voice. About what types of voices can be found in the article “Male and female singing voices”. But the sound (or the color of your voice) can be changed depending on the content of the song. For example, no one will sing a lullaby with a dark and strict sound. To make such a song sound better, you need to sing it in a light, gentle sound. Move the melody down. There is one more peculiarity in music: when a melody moves down, you need to sing it as if its direction is absolutely opposite. For example, take the famous song “Little Christmas Tree”. Sing a line from this song “… it’s cold in winter …”. The melody moves down. The intonation falls, falsehood is possible in this place. Now try to sing the same line, while performing a smooth movement of the hand from the bottom up. Has the color of the sound changed? It has become brighter, and the intonation is cleaner. Emotional attunement is another important factor. Therefore, you must periodically sing for the audience. At least for their home. Fear of the scene will gradually go away.
WHAT Hinders THE DEVELOPMENT OF HEARING AND PURE SINGING? There are some things that can negatively affect your hearing. You can’t play an upset instrument while playing together in the same office. Such music as hard rock and rap is unlikely to help you develop your hearing, since it does not contain an expressive melody, the harmony is most often primitive. WAYS AND EXERCISES FOR DEVELOPING HEARING There are many effective exercises for developing hearing. Here are just a few of them: Gamma singing. We play the instrument do – re – mi – fa – sol – la – si – do and sing. Then without a tool. Then from top to bottom. Again without a tool. C
heck the last sound. If you hit, it’s very good, if not, we train further. Singing intervals. The simplest option is intervals based on the same gamma in C major (see previous exercise). We play and sing: do-re, do-mi, do-fa, etc. Then without a tool. Then the same from top to bottom. “Echo”. If you do not know how to play, you can develop hearing, as in kindergarten. Turn on your favorite song on your phone. We listen to one line. Click on the “pause”, repeat. And so the whole song. The phone, by the way, can be a great assistant: you can record intervals, scales on it (or ask to be played if you yourself do not know how), and then listen during the day. Learning music notation. Musical hearing is thoughts, an intellectual process, so getting even the most basic knowledge of music in itself automatically contributes to the development of hearing. To help you – a music notation textbook as a gift from our site! The study of classical music.