Voice mutation in boys
A lot of scientific works have been written about mutational voice changes in boys, although this phenomenon is quite common. A change in the timbre of the voice occurs during the growth of the vocal apparatus. The larynx initially significantly increases in size, while the thyroid cartilage leans forward. The vocal folds lengthen, and the larynx lowers. In this regard, an anatomical change in the organs of voice formation occurs. If we talk about voice mutations in boys, then unlike girls, everything goes more pronounced for them. MECHANISM OF BREAKING VOICES IN BOYS As mentioned earlier, voice changes occur through an increase in the larynx during growth.
However, in the puberty period, the larynx in young men increases by 70%, unlike girls, the voice tube, which only doubles. The process of breaking voice in boys includes three main stages: The pre-mutation period. This stage is manifested as the preparation of the body for the restructuring of the vocal apparatus. If we talk about a spoken voice, then there may be a breakdown of the voice, hoarseness, cough, an unpleasant “tickle”. The singing voice is more informative in this case: voice breakdowns when taking extreme notes of a young man’s range, discomfort in the larynx during vocal lessons, “dirty” intonation, and loss of voice also occurs. At the very first calls, it is worth stopping classes, since this period requires a rest of the voice apparatus. Mutation. This stage is characterized by laryngeal edema, as well as excessive or insufficient secretion of mucus.
These factors cause inflammation, thereby the surface of the ligaments acquires a characteristic color. Overexertion can lead to wheezing, and as a result to “non-closure of the vocal folds.” Therefore, during this period it is worth paying attention to voice hygiene, including the prevention of colds and viral diseases. Instability of voice, distortion of sound, as well as characteristic hoarseness are observed. When singing, there is tension in the vocal apparatus, especially when jumping at wide intervals. Therefore, in the classroom it is worth leaning toward singing exercises, chants, and not works. Postmomentation period. Like any other process, voice mutation in boys does not have a clear boundary of completion. Despite the final formation, overfatigue and tension of the ligaments can be observed. During this period, the changes that have occurred are fixed. The voice takes on a fixed tone and power. However, the stage is dangerous for its instability.
FEATURES OF MUTATIONS IN BOYS The signs of breaking voice in young men are more noticeable and this is due, primarily, to the fact that the male voice, in fact, is much lower than the female one. The mutation period proceeds in a short time. There are cases when it happens almost instantly. However, in most cases, the restructuring of the body is delayed for several months. Yesterday, the boyish treble is able to develop into a tenor, baritone or powerful bass. It all depends on genetically derived indicators. Some young people undergo significant changes, while others – the transition to an adult voice is not expressed in vivid contrast. Voice mutation in boys most often occurs at 12-14 years old. However, focusing on this age as the norm is not worth it. There are many factors that can affect both the start time and the duration of the process. Firstly, the natural climate undoubtedly affects. The conducted studies have proved that in different climatic conditions the process of “growing up” of the voice takes place in different ways, and the age of adjustment varies from 11 to 20 years. Secondly, a genetic factor. Initially, the plant’s inherent settings cannot be changed. Thirdly, the mechanical factor. That is, the restructuring may be violated for any reason. They can become, for example, disorders of the vocal apparatus, somatic diseases.
HYGIENE OF THE SINGING VOICE DURING THE MUTATION OF BOYS The mutation of the singing voice is a complex process that requires great attention from vocal teachers or phoniatricians accompanying the educational process. Measures for the protection and hygiene of the voice should be carried out comprehensively, while their beginning should be in the pre-mutation period. This will allow you to avoid impaired development of voice, both on the physical and mechanical levels. Vocal lessons should be conducted in a gentle manner. However, during this period it is better to abandon individual lessons, since such classes are designed for the comprehensive development of voice data. And during the breaking of the voice in boys, any overstrain of the ligaments is prohibited. However, there is an alternative – these are choral classes and ensembles. As a rule, young men are given a light party, a range that does not exceed the fifths, most often in a small octave. All these conditions are not valid if the process is accompanied by periodic breakdowns of the voice, wheezing or instability of unison pronunciations.