Determine the type of voice in a child and an adult
Each voice is unique and unique in sound. Thanks to these features, we can easily recognize the voices of our friends even by telephone. Singing voices differ not only in timbre, but also in pitch, range, individual coloring. And in this article you will learn how to correctly determine the type of voice of a child or adult. As well as how to determine your convenient range. Singing voices always fit one of the vocal characteristics that came up at the Italian opera school. They were compared in sound to musical instruments of a string quartet. As a rule, the sound of a violin was compared with the female voice of a soprano, viola – with mezzo.
The lowest voices – contralto – were compared to the sound of a horn (like the tenor tone), and the low bass voices were compared to the double bass. So there was a classification of voices close to choral. Unlike the church choir, in which only men sang, the Italian opera school expanded the possibilities of singing and allowed the creation of a classification of female and male voices. Indeed, in the church choir, women’s parties were performed by treblers (sopranos) or tenor-altino. This characteristic of voices has been preserved even today not only in opera, but also in pop singing, however, in the pop the sound supply is different.
Some criteria: 4 CRITERION FOR DETERMINING THE VOICE In professional singing, there are certain criteria for determining. During listening the teacher pays attention to: Voice timbre. This is the name for the unique coloring of the voice, which can be light and dark, rich and soft, lyrical tender. The timbre consists of the individual coloring of the voice that every person has. In one, the voice sounds soft, subtle, even a little childish, in the other, in the early years, it has a rich chest color. There are head, chest and mixed timbres, soft and sharp. It is the main characteristic of coloring. There are voices whose sharp timbre sounds very repulsive and unpleasant to such an extent that they are not recommended to practice vocals. The timbre, as well as the range, is a distinctive feature of the singer, and the voice of outstanding singers and singers is distinguished by a bright personality and recognition. Soft, beautiful and pleasant timbre is appreciated in vocals. Range. Each type of voice has not only its own characteristic sound, but also a range.
It can be determined during chanting or by asking a person to sing a song in a tone convenient for him. Usually singing voices have a certain range, which allows you to accurately determine its type. Distinguish between working and non-working voice range. Professional singers have a wide working range, which allows them not only to replace colleagues with other voices, but also to beautifully perform opera arias for other parties. Key. Any voice has its own key, in which it is convenient for the performer to sing. It will be different for each type. Tessitura. This is the name of a certain section of the range in which it is convenient for the performer to sing. For each voice he is his own. The wider this section, the better. It is often said that there is a convenient and uncomfortable tessitura for a voice or performer. This means that a song or a part in a choir can be convenient for singing by one performer and inconvenient for another, although their ranges may be the same. So you can determine the features of the voice.
HOW TO PROPERLY DETERMINE THE VOICE TYPE FOR CHILDREN Children’s voices do not yet have a formed timbre, but already at this time you can determine their type in adulthood. Usually they are divided into high and low, both in boys and girls. In the choir they are called sopranos and alto or treble and bass. In mixed choirs there are 1 and 2 sopranos, as well as 1st and 2nd alt. After the transitional age, they will acquire a brighter color and after 16-18 years, it will be possible to determine the adult type of voice. Most often, tenors and baritones are obtained from trebles, and dramatic baritones and basses from altos. The low voices of girls can turn into mezzo-soprano or contralto, and sopranos can become a little higher and lower and acquire their own unique timbre. But it happens that low voices get high and vice versa. The treble is well recognized by its high-pitched sound. Some of them can even sing parts for girls. They have a well developed high register and range. Violas and boys and girls have a chest sound. They sound more beautiful low notes, not the top. Sopranos – the highest voices in girls – sound better than high notes, starting from the first octave, than low notes. If you define their tessitura, then you can understand how it will develop. That is, how to determine the range of this voice in adulthood.
HOW TO PROPERLY DETERMINE YOUR VOICE TYPE There are currently 3 types of female and male voices. Each type has its own differences. Soprano – the most sonorous, light, high female voice. It has a bright feminine timbre and can sound high, loud and piercing. It is more convenient for him to sing at the end of the first octave and in the second, and some coloratura sopranos easily sing high notes in the third.