Music-Education.ruEducation by music How to teach a child to listen to music?
How to teach a child to listen to music? Parents ask such a question, looking at how their restless children run, play, dance. The culture of listening to music is not only that the child is immersed in the sounds of the melody, but also does so in a calm state (sitting in a chair, lying on the rug). How to teach a child to think while listening to music? WHY TEACH A CHILD PERCEPTION OF MUSIC? Emotionality, imagery of music develops a child’s memory and thinking, imagination and speech. It is important from an early age to include children’s songs, sing lullabies. Mental development of the child is impossible without the ability to listen and understand the musical language.
The task of parents is to gradually, unobtrusively lead the baby to independent listening and understanding of music. By the age of 2, children are able to emotionally respond to music. The expressiveness of the musical language encourages the child to clap, dance, rattle, beat in the drum. But the baby’s attention quickly switches from one subject to another. A child cannot listen to music for a long time or dance to it. Therefore, parents do not need to insist, but should move on to another activity. Getting older, the child already feels the mood of the music. The active development of the baby’s speech allows you to talk about what he felt or imagined. Gradually, the child has a desire to independently listen to melodies, sing them, play the simplest musical instruments.
Parents should support any creative endeavor of the child. Together with him, sing along, read poetry, listen to songs and talk about their contents. Only with mom and dad, in the process of communicating with them, does the child develop a culture of listening to music and interacting with it.
WHERE TO BEGIN? Looking at how the child draws and plays, the question arises from parents: “How to teach a child to listen to music?” Do not immediately resort to serious classical works. The main criteria for the perception of music are: accessibility (taking into account the age and development of the child); gradualness. For starters, you can listen to children’s songs with your child. Ask about the mood caused by the penalty, what was sung in it. So the child begins not only to listen to the words, but also learns to talk about what he heard. Gradually, parents from listening to music can do a whole ritual.
The child comfortably sits or lays on the carpet, closes his eyes and begins to listen. Foreign and Russian composers have numerous children’s plays. The length of the sound should not exceed 2–5 minutes. By age 7, the child will learn to listen to music for up to 10 minutes. To diversify the perception of music, you can combine it with other activities. After listening, draw or mold a hero of a piece of music from plasticine (for example, getting acquainted with plays from Saint-Saens’s “Animal Carnival”). You can compose a fairy tale based on the play you’ve heard. Or cook ribbons, balls, bells and spin with your mom to the sound of the melody. Any girl will happily dance a waltz with a new doll to the music of Pyotr Tchaikovsky: When you listen to the play again, you can invite the child to voice it himself, to repeat it by ear. To do this, first find out the mood of the music, choose musical instruments or objects for dubbing. It is not necessary to have many children’s musical instruments in the house – they can be any household item.
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR PARENTS Choose plays available to the child in content. Prepare a convenient place to listen to music. Do not distract by extraneous noise or actions. Parents listen to music with their child. Encourage questions to the story of what he heard. To learn to distinguish musical instruments. Integrate music perception with other activities. Drive your child to children’s music concerts. By example, to teach a child the culture of listening to music.